Dermatoglyphics (from ancient Greek derma = "skin", glyph = "carving") is the branch of science in the study of the patterns of skin ( dermal), ridges present on the fingers, toes and the souls of human.
All primates have ridged skin. It can also be found on the paws of certain mammals, and on the tails of some monkey species. In humans and animals this is present on fingers, palms, toes and soles. Characteristically, hair does not grow from this area. The ridging formations serve well to enhance contact and aids in the prevention of slippage. People of African ancestry display reduced skin pigmentation in the designated locations. All studies of the dermal ridge arrangements including genetics, anthropology and Egyptology are classified under the term dermatoglyphics.
Though the Study of Finger Print is Centuries Old but this word was coined by Dr. Harold Cummins, the father of Dermatoglyphics. Dr. Harold Cummins first established the direct relationship between the patterns formation and development on the palm and the development of the brain in the year 1926. Cummins methodology was the first technology used to chart out genome and evolutionary relationships. He also published 'Finger Prints, Palms and Soles' in 1943. Ever since Dermatoglyphics has wide usage in diagnosis and behavior analysis of people with schizophrenia, mental retardation, and many such diseases including heart diseases.
Dermatoglyphics integrated analysis of brain science, psychology, medicine, genetics and behavioral science. Based on Dermatoglyphics one's style of learning, thinking, potential abilities can be discovered and focused learning could be established.
Medical experts and scientist thus discovered that the amount of brain cells distributed in different parts of the brain help us understand a person's multiple intelligence as well as his innate potential capabilities and personality. Our finger prints reveal to us what we need and how we learn, transforming our lives through a holistic education approaches. The study has absolute scientific basis, with many years of research. It is analyzed and proven with evidence in anthropology, genetics, medicine and statistics.
To summarise we can say that nearly two centuries scientists discovered the relevance of fingerprints and multiple intelligence of human. Later on, numerous scientists and medical experts studied on the Dermatoglyphics by observing, recording, comparing, assembling and eventually organizing all the data in order to obtain an accurate analysis of the hidden talents and strengths of an individual.