CLAT Syllabus

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CLAT Syllabus 2023

CLAT Exam 2023 has been released by the Consortium of National Law Universities(NLUs). CLAT syllabus is the first step of effective preparation for the Law entrance exam. Candidates are advised to go through the complete syllabus of CLAT 2023 thoroughly to score better marks in examinations.

CLAT contains the topics from which the questions are framed in the examination. CLAT helps the aspirant to identify which topic is important & which are not. This can improve efficiency & reduces the wastage of time. The consortium has also released section wise-questions asked & weightage. The topics can be prioritized and devise a strategy like focusing on the topic that carries more weightage that will improve the chances of a high score.

CLAT has 5 Important Sections

Sl. No. Sections Number of question Marks
1 English comprehension 28-32 questions 28/32
2 Current Affairs including Gk 35-39 questions 35/39
3 Legal Reasoning 35-39 questions 35/39
4 Logical Reasoning 28-32 questions 28/32
5 Quantitative Technique 13-17 questions 13/17
TOTAL 150 150

1. Syllabus for English Comprehension

In this section, proficiency in English is tested based on Grammar and Comprehension.

Candidates are evaluated based on their understanding of the passages, the central theme meanings of words used in passages.

The grammar section requires the correction of incorrect grammatical sentences.

  • Passages of 450 words on contemporary, historically significant Fiction & non-fiction.
  • It will take 5-7 minutes to read & comprehend
  • Draw the difference out of interference & conclusion.
  • Questions in this section will be of 12 class difficulty level

Study material

One good newspaper from these options

  • 1.The Hindu
  • 2. The Indian Time Express
  • 3. The Hindustan Times

Apart from all this, candidates should also read magazines like Yojana, Kurukshetra & others.

2. Syllabus for Current Affairs including G.K

Important Topics for CLAT

  • National & International current affairs.
  • Complementary Events of significance in India & around the world.
  • G.k about world leaders, Industrialized, Celebrities, lawyers.
  • Art & culture of India and world.
  • Historical events of continuing significance.

Skills Tested in current affairs

  • Questions will be examined on the legal knowledge discussed in the passages.
  • The passages will be taken from news journalistic resources, and other non-fiction writings.
  • You will be expected to demonstrate Law awareness related to Arts, culture, History.
  • However, Candidates must be able to comprehend what is mentioned in passages.
  • Analyze the point mentioned inside, connect all dots to arrive at the logical conclusion.

3. Legal Reasoning

For this section, candidates do not need to have any prior knowledge of the law, however, they need to be aware of all contemporary legal & moral issues.

Important Topic to be covered

  • Facts, situation, or outline on legal matters, public policy & moral philosophical inquiries
  • Moral awareness
  • General & legal issues
  • Legal term condition & their meanings.

Skills Tested

  • Recognized argument, its premises and conclusion
  • Analyze the pattern of reasoning.
  • Interfere, draw relationships and analogies.
  • Contradiction and equivalences
  • Candidates will be required to derive the facts or scenarios involving legal matters & public policy questions, moral-philosophical queries.

4. Logical Reasoning

Logical reasoning section consists of passages which have 300 long words with objective type questions, based on relationship, analogies, logical sequences,& arguments.

The candidate will be required to critically analyze the argument pattern, and conclude the arguments

  • It carries 20% weightage with 28-32 marks
  • Four to five comprehension passages

Skills Tested

  • Analysis of recognized arguments
  • Its premises & conclusion
  • Analysis of the pattern of reasoning, make inferences
  • Draw relation & analogies
  • Contradiction & equivalences

5. Quantitative Technique

The quantitative section will be of 10th class level. Questions will be short sets of facts, graphs, textual propositions, diagrammatic representation of numerical information.

Topic to be covered

  • Basic algebra
  • Profit & loss
  • Ratio & proposition
  • Statistical estimation

Skills Tested

  • Read & understand legal issues given in the passages.
  • Awareness of legal issues, facts, legal aspects, and knowledge.
  • Awareness of the judgments or statutes based on a passage
  • Summarizing the passage with knowledge of the law.

Books for CLAT Preparation:

General knowledge & current affairs

  • 1) Competition review book (2019-20)
  • 2) Manorama yearbook (2019-20)
  • 3) Lucent's general knowledge of English
  • 4) Pearson’s concise GKmanual
  • 5) Pratiyogita darpan.


  • 1) Verbal & non-verbal reasoning by RS Agarwal.
  • 2) The pearson's guide to clat English
  • 3) Objective General English by Author RS Agarwal
  • 4) High school English grammar by Author Normen lewis
  • 5) Grammar & composition by Author PC Wern,& H.Martin

Quantitative Technique

  • 1) Class 10th NCERT
  • 2) S CHANDAN 30 days Wonder math

Logical Reasoning

  • 1) A modern approach to logical reasoning by Author RS Agarwal.
  • 2) Analytical Reasoning by MK Pandey
  • 3) Quantitative aptitude ebook by RS Agarwal
  • 4) 501 challenging logical reasoning practice book

Quantitative Technique

  • 1. Legal awareness & logical reasoning by CLAT modules
  • 2. LST’S legal reasoning modules.

As there is limited time for preparation, plan your schedule carefully, if it is difficult to prepare those subjects, here are important tips & tricks to cover all topics which are necessary for preparation.

  • UN bodies (GK)
  • Important awards(Current affairs)
  • Legal, criminal recent issues( legal app)
  • Direction & blood relation question(logical reasoning)
  • Ratio,Proportion,Percentage (Mathematics)
  • Cloves,Idioms,phrases(English)

NLU going to conduct the CLAT Examination on 18th December,2022
Candidate is advised to visit the page for re-printout of application form, generate the printout and keep the hard copy and soft copy (printout) of the application.
Yes, you are eligible for the CLAT 2023 examination.
CLAT 2023 examination will be conducted through online mode.
There is no age limit for appearing in the exam.
The examination would be conducted by the consortium of National Law Universities (NLU)
Each year the CLAT exam is attempted by more than 50,000 candidates.
LST session is conducted usually for two hours in which a student is acquainted with the basic concepts of the topic in hand with the help of examples and instances for the best possible understanding. Much emphasis is laid on practice as it is considered to be the key to crack competitive exams. Class exercises are handed over to the students followed by rigorous discussion. CL believes in interactive learning so that the students are at ease and do not hesitate to come up with doubts or clarifications.
This completely depends on one's ability to grasp concepts and to learn. Anything between 8 to 16 months is good for preparation, depending on the average number of hours invested per day and the quality of preparation.
Yes. Being Government institutions, there are reservations in different National Law Universities. All NLUs have reservations for SCs and STs and quite a few of them have seats for OBCs as well. Fewer have regional quotas and some also have reservations for women, wards of defense personnel and even NRI sponsored Candidates.
Yes. Though law is a subject of humanities, students of any stream can sit for the law exam. The paper is evenly balanced so that no particular stream is given a complete edge over the other. In fact, most of the students who sit and qualify the law exam over the years have been science students as it was the most popular stream. It is only in recent years that Arts and Commerce students are also seen appearing in sizable numbers.

Apart from CLAT, which is the gateway to the 18 National Law Schools in India' certain other entrance exams which any law aspirant should keep in mind and appear for are:

  • AILET - All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) for admission in National Law University (NLU), Delhi.
  • Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET) conducted by the Symbiosis International University to get admission into Symbiosis Law School.
  • CET IPU - The Common Entrance test conducted by Indraprastha University, Delhi for various law colleges situated in Delhi and NCR including Amity Noida.
  • LSAT-India is a standardized test adopted as an admissions criterion by multiple law colleges across India.
  • Christ University Law Entrance Exam - conducted by Christ University, Bangalore for admission to School of Law, Christ University.